Resource Topic: Unaccompanied Refugee Minors

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Do you have Afghan Minor clients who were paroled into the United States? They may need to apply for re-parole. This resource, developed by Immigration Legal Services for Afghan Arrivals (ISLAA), provides instructions and additional resources for clients that may be in this situation.


This evidence summary, authored by Switchboard, provides an insightful overview of the current landscape of research on mentoring, both formal and informal, and its impact on the social-emotional well-being and academic success of youth from immigrant and refugee families in the United States. There is moderate to strong evidence that mentoring enhances educational aspirations. A […]

This resource, developed by the Office of Refugee Resettlement, is geared  towards youth who are awaiting transfer or who have just transferred into their Unaccompanied Refugee Minor placement. This resource is available in 12 languages.

This resource, developed by the Office of Refugee Resettlement, is geared towards youth with whom service providers or community members may be discussing the Unaccompanied Refugee Minors program, prior to submitting to the  application. This resource is available in 14 languages.

The practice guide covers ways to access the United States Refugee Admissions Program (USRAP), how USRAP processing works, and the law applied in USRAP adjudications. Additionally, the guide contains detailed appendices on specific programs within USRAP such as the Central American Minors (CAM) refugee and parole program, the Afghan P-1 / P-2 program, and the […]


Child labor trafficking is an important area of concern for service providers who support Unaccompanied Refugee Minors (URMs). Due to their unique circumstances, children and youth enrolled in the URM program may be at increased risk for labor trafficking. URM agencies are community-based service providers with connections to child welfare, law enforcement, local schools, and […]


Unaccompanied Refugee Minor (URM) providers have identified the need for a client-facing document that describes the URM program. This infographic covers the roles and responsibilities of those involved, and will soon be translated into various languages. Stay tuned for a provider-facing version as well.


 Switchboard is committed to sharing stories of lived experiences with service providers across the U.S. Today, Switchboard is sharing the anonymous story of an Afghan American Social Worker who arrived in the United States as an Unaccompanied Refugee Minor.  Experiences in the U.S. Foster Care System At the early age of 14, I was forced […]

This guide, created by BRYCS, was created for unaccompanied children and will assist young people in knowing their rights while they are in the United States, keeping them safe so they can thrive in their life journeys.

This webinar series covers the impact of trauma on children during all phases of their migration journey. The series features diverse expertise from the fields of refugee and migrant health, cultural studies, mental health, early childhood development, childhood traumatic stress, trauma-informed systems of care, and secondary traumatic stress. Webinars include: Culture, Development, Trauma, and Socio-Cultural […]