Population: Asylees

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Sexual orientation-based asylum claims have historically been fraught with difficulties. Although considered eligible for refugee protection in a small number of countries beginning the 1990s, knowledge and acceptance of sexual minorities is itself a relatively recent phenomenon in the countries that accept their claims. In many cases decision-makers have been shown to rely on stereotypes […]

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Objective: Drawing on theoretical accounts of LGBTQ minority stress and models of social integration and immigrant health, the present study examines sexual and gender minority status – heretofore overlooked in crossnational frameworks of immigrant health – as an important determinant of asylum seeker mental health. With the goal of spurring intervention development among this population, […]

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Every year, tens of thousands of individuals flee their home nation for the United States to seek asylum. In 2015 alone, 26,124 individuals were granted asylum to the United States. Asylum is requested and, for the lucky, granted for a variety of reasons. People seek asylum in the United States on the basis of their […]

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The entitlement of lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) individuals to claim asylum on the basis of their sexual identities has been a contentious matter, as sexual identity was not a ground of claim explicitly recognised under the 1951 Refugee Convention. Nonetheless, the United Kingdom (UK) has incrementally recognised the ability of LGB asylum-seekers to claim […]

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Several debates persist on how the key terms of the refugee definition apply in the context of LGB asylum claims. For example, identifying whether the thresholds of persecution have been met when the maltreatment experienced by LGB persons is often distinctive is particularly challenging. This chapter focuses on one of the most pressing of these […]

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In 1951, The United Nations Refugee Convention established asylum for those with a “well-founded fear of being persecuted” based on membership in a “particular social group”, yet many countries today continue to actively discriminate against individuals seeking asylum on the basis of their sexual orientation and/or gender identities. In an effort to distance themselves from […]

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A retrospective chart review was completed of patients self-identified as lesbian, gay, or bisexual seen through a program for survivors of torture between June 9, 2009 and December 31, 2014 (n = 50). Almost all (98 %) experienced persecution due to their sexual orientation and 84 % were survivors of torture. The circumstances under which the disclosure of sexual […]

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This article draws upon psychological and sociological literature to explore the issues that arise in eliciting and presenting a refugee narrative when the claim is based upon sexual orientation. Rigid notions of homosexual identity may consciously or subconsciously shape decision-makers’ approaches in this field. First, we identify psycho-social issues of particular significance to lesbian, gay […]

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The Preferred Communities (PC) program provides intensive case management services to refugees and ORR-eligible populations with special needs within five years of arrival to the U.S. Intensive case management (ICM) staff support recipients in the areas of long-term case management, health and medical interventions, mental health interventions, and social adjustment services, among others. This Intensive […]