One strong source of evidence and several smaller moderate and suggestive studies show that interventions on intergenerational relationships can help decrease negative mental health symptoms and increase positive parenting practices.
- Multiple studies reported significant improvements in the overall mental health of both child and caregiver participants.
- Caregivers reported high levels of satisfaction with several different interventions, particularly regarding educational programming on positive coping and parenting skills.
- There were no articles discussing interventions specifically related to couples that met search criteria. However, some interventions that addressed parenting styles included some focus on the relationship between the parents. Information on interventions addressing intimate partner violence is available in the Switchboard evidence summary titled “What works to prevent and respond to intimate partner violence among refugees?”.
Parent Management Training—the Oregon Model (PMTO) has been well tested with Latina/o immigrants and has the potential for adaptation to other cultures.
- Although not always statistically significant, a majority of parent participants in the Latina/o PMTO programs reported positive changes in their parenting skills, children’s behaviors, and relationships.
- There is some evidence showing the feasibility of adapting PMTO to additional cultures, but there is room for further study.