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Evidence Summary

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   Child and Family Services

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What Works to Increase Refugee and Immigrant Families’ Access to Early Childhood Services?

This document summarizes the current state of evidence on practices, policies, approaches, and interventions that enhance access to and participation in early childhood programs for refugee and immigrant families with young children. Early childhood refers to the developmental period from birth to age 5, during which children experience rapid physical, social-emotional, and cognitive growth. In this context, early childhood programs are defined as any publicly funded programs serving children from birth through age 5 and their families. While refugee families are broadly eligible for these programs, immigrant families may qualify for specific ones. This summary aims to provide valuable insights for policymakers and practitioners to support these families in accessing high-quality early childhood education and care.

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Websites and databases  Population terms  Methodology terms  Target outcome terms 
AIR 

Child Trends 

Mathematica 

Migration Policy Institute 

PsycInfo 

PubMed 

SocIndex 

Urban Institute 

Web of Science 

“refugee” 

OR 

“immigrant” 

OR 

“unaccompanied minor” 

OR 

“asylee” 

OR 

“temporary protected status” 

OR 

 “victims of traffick*”  

OR 

“traffick* victims” 

OR 

“T-Visa” 

OR 

“U-Visa” 

OR 

“Cuban” 

OR  

“Haitian” 

OR 

“Amerasian” 

 

“evaluation” 

OR 

“impact” 

OR 

“program” 

OR 

“intervention” 

OR 

“policy”  

OR 

“train” 

OR 

“training” 

OR 

“review” 

OR 

“meta-analysis” 

OR 

“synthesis” 

 

“early childhood program” 

OR 

“early childhood services” 

OR 

“early childhood development” 

OR 

“early care” 

OR  

“early education” 

OR 

“child care” 

OR 

“early learning” 

OR 

“preschool” 

OR 

“Early Head Start” 

OR 

“Head Start” 

OR 

“home visit” 

OR 

“home visiting” 

OR 

“comprehensive services” 

OR 

“two-generation” 

OR 

“whole family” 

OR 

“family resource center” 

OR 

“early intervention”