There is some moderate evidence that trusted adult support increases academic achievement.
- Three articles highlight the importance of support from a trusted adult on academic achievement. Two suggestive studies focus on parental support, while another impact evaluation focuses on trusted adults. Students who had the support of their parents or trusted adults were more academically successful than peers without those support systems.
Suggestive studies demonstrate that culturally and linguistically appropriate after-school and extracurricular activities yield positive outcomes for youth.
- Some studies indicate that after-school and extracurricular activities increase academic achievement among certain populations, such as first-generation immigrants. However, another article concludes that Latin American and other immigrant children do not receive academic benefit from extracurricular activities. This may be due to the fact that many after-school programs and extracurricular activities do not address the specific linguistic and cultural needs of immigrant populations.
More rigorous research is needed on interventions for high school students.
- Most of the identified studies looked at the academic achievements of younger children, and all but one of the studies were suggestive. This indicates that more research is needed on the high school population and that such research should be more rigorous.