While rigorous evidence is limited, the literature suggests that case management is associated with numerous positive outcomes.
- The body of evidence is largely suggestive in rigor and yields generally positive outcomes, although some studies show mixed results. The one available impact study yields positive results.
- The available studies have examined diverse outcomes such as self-sufficiency, social support, employment, education, health, mental health, and service access.
The evidence suggests components of successful case management referrals.
- Components of successful referrals include preparation, scheduling initial appointments directly, and ongoing coordination of care.
Case management is a skill requiring training.
- The body of evidence shows that case management is a complex job requiring multiple abilities. Accordingly, appropriate staff selection and training are needed.
Further research is needed on varying case management approaches.
- More research is needed that builds on the existing studies of successful and unsuccessful case management practices.
- Future research should examine factors influencing the effectiveness of case management, such as case manager skills, varying case management approaches, client factors, and contextual factors.
- Further research is also needed on specific components of strengths-based and trauma-informed case management.